Antimicrobial resistance causing 700,000 deaths annually, health experts claim

Misuse of antibiotics can lead to antibiotic resistance

Misuse of antibiotics can lead to antibiotic resistance

Mongolia's Health Ministry on Tuesday urged Mongolians to properly use antibiotics following concerns of overuse in the country.

This year, in the spirit of One Health, the WHO European Region will mark the 4th annual World Antibiotic Awareness Week on 12-18 November, by cohesively working together with different sectors to protect human, animal and environment health. This means that antibiotics will no longer be able to treat illnesses like pneumonia, tuberculosis, strep throat, and other bacterial infections effectively. There are countries where antibiotics can be bought for human or animal use without a prescription which makes the emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance worse. Many governments are phasing out the use of antibiotics as a growth promoter and preventive measure in livestock, and now only use antimicrobials in healthy animals in very exceptional circumstances.

Dr. Michael White, from the UConn School of Pharmacy, said individual underuse of antibiotics also plays a role. Even Fleming himself expressed his fear regarding antibiotics overuse, saying that there will be a time when the public will demand the drug, leading to an era of abuse.

Broad-spectrum antibiotics, such as third-generation cephalosporins, quinolones and carbapenems, are categorized as "Watch" antibiotics that should be used with caution because of their high potential to cause antimicrobial resistance and/or their side-effects. As a result of infection with drug-resistant bacteria an estimated 700 000 people die each year worldwide.

Dr Sherwood says Choosing Wisely has worked with medical colleges and societies to develop specific recommendations about antibiotic use.

It's not people that become antibiotic resistant, bacteria do, and these resistant "superbugs" establish themselves after the "weaker" bacteria are cleared out by antibiotics. Amoxicillin and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid are the most regularly used antibiotics and are recommended by World Health Organization as first or second-line treatment for common infections.

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Southern DHB is getting behind World Antibiotic Awareness Week this week and encouraging people to think about how they may use antibiotics better. A few experts do feel that the world is already on the cusp of a "post-antibiotic era", where some infections could become untreatable.

Never share or use leftover antibiotics.

Antibiotic resistant bacteria are not a problem of the future.

Antibiotics are used to prevent and treat bacterial infections - not viral infections. occurs when bacteria change in response to the use of antibiotics, becoming resistant to them.

"However, the GHA carried out its own study into this subject in 2014 and, since that time, it has formulated and implemented different initiatives to curb and rationalise its own antibiotic prescribing". However, the overuse and misuse of antibiotics in recent years have largely increased the global threat of antibiotic resistance.

Hill insisted that the findings "confirm the need to take urgent action, such as enforcing prescription-only policies, to reduce unnecessary use of antibiotics".

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