Earth's Magnetic Pole is Quickly Moving Toward Russia, Models Say

The Magnetic North Pole keeps moving about and it could be a problem

The Magnetic North Pole keeps moving about and it could be a problem

This phenomenon was first observed in 1831 when the speed of such shift was just 9mph however, after the year 2000 it has changed to 34 miles per hour. And it went to 34 miles per year (55 kilometers per year), not per hour.

"The only thing that seems certain about the magnetic north is its unpredictability", National Geographic writes.

Over the last few decades, the largest change has been the motion of the magnetic North Pole, which has shifted from the Canadian side of the geographic North Pole to the Russian side. On Monday, an update of where true north was released nearly a year ahead of schedule. The northern magnetic pole always moves, resulting in a new map of the World Magnetic Model (WMM) every five years. It crossed the global date and departs from the Canadian Arctic on the road to Siberia.

Meanwhile, smartphones and other electronic devices rely on the WMM to provide consumers with accurate maps, compasses, and Global Positioning System services. It is used extensively in navigation by the U.S. Department of Defense, the U.K. Ministry of Defense and many civilian systems-so knowing exactly where the northern and southern magnetic poles are is of paramount importance. The Fairbanks airport renamed runway 1L-19R to 2L-20R in 2009.

Earth's magnetic North Pole has been shifting towards Russian Federation so quickly scientists have been forced to publish an update on its actual location a year early.

Arnaud Chulliat, a geophysicist at the University of Colorado, has now warned the movement is occurring "pretty fast".

In the 189 years since it was first measured in the Canadian Arctic, it has moved some 2,300 kilometers toward Siberia, and its speed jumped from about 15 kilometers per year to 55 kilometers per year since 2000. This shift is caused by erratic behavior of the Earth's molten core.

Whenever there is turbulence in our planet's outer liquid core, the magnetic poles shift in ways that are "unpredictable".

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To understand what just happened, let us begin with understanding what the magnetic north is?

Despite the north pole being a fixed location in the Arctic circle, the Magnetic North Pole is a wandering location which changes year on year.

'It's not a question of if it's going to reverse, the question is when it's going to reverse, ' Dr Lathrop said.

When it does, it will not be like a coin flip, but will take 1,000 or more years, experts said.

Lathrop sees a flip coming sooner rather than later because of the weakened magnetic field and an area over the South Atlantic has already reversed beneath Earth's surface.

All of these differences can cause problems for people and devices that attempt to navigate using the magnetic field.

Earth's magnetic field has been slowly changing throughout its existence.

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